Panasonic Lumix ZX1 £265

21st Aug 2009 | 14:42

Panasonic Lumix ZX1

Panasonic squeezes a full 12MP sensor into this tiny compact camera

TechRadar rating:

4 stars


Quick and responsive; 12.1-megapixel sensor; 8x optical zoom (25-200mm equivalent focal length range); Lots of hi-tech and helpful Scene and Ai modes; Neat and compact


Tiny buttons on the top and rear; No manual or semi-auto shooting modes; The zoom lever can be difficult when making finite adjustments; Noise levels at anything above ISO 200; Flash problems with macro photography;

Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1: Overview

The DMC-ZX1 is Panasonic's all-new 'Super Compact Camera'. Squeezed into a matt silver casing no bigger than a packet of Marlboro Lights you'll find a 12.1-megapixel machine ready and eager to take snaps at the push of a button.

The DMC-ZX1 is the latest addition to the award-winning Panasonic Lumix range of cameras. It's the younger sibling to the more powerful Panasonic TZ series, with the DMC-ZX1 trying to push the boundaries of what we've come to expect from today's truly compact compacts.

The DMC-ZX1 incorporates an 8x optical zoom lens in its slim body. Panasonic has been able to get such a whopper of a lens into such a trim casing thanks to a newly developed lens unit which features the world's first 0.3mm super-thin aspherical lens.

Panasonic dmc-zx1-9

This 8x zoom lens provides a 'super zoom' focal length range equivalent to 25-200mm (on a 35mm film SLR or full-frame DSLR) so the DMC-ZX1 is all set to capture expansive landscape on its wide end, then with a quick zoom, you can focus on the main points of interest with your chosen scenes. You can also use this ultra-wide-to-telephoto zoom lens to take group portraits of friends or family, then quickly zoom in to get individual portraits.

Panasonic dmc-zx1-8

That's an optical zoom, by the way, not the naff digital zooms some cameras have which isn't a zoom at all, just a cheap way of pretending to zoom in digitally and ruining image quality as a result.

You'll find a roomy 2.7-inch LCD on the rear of the DMC-ZX1 to clearly compose your photos, and with a flick the Record/Playback selector switch, you'll be able to accurately review your shots on the same sizeable screen, zooming in to check for sharpness.

Other highlights we'll explore in more detail in this review are the DMC-ZX1's improved Face Recognition technology – which can be set up to 'remember' faces and prompts you to focus on that person when taking group shots so their faces are bright and in focus.

There's also five iA (intelligent Auto) shooting modes on offer to help enhance your photography the easy way. Plus the Intelligent ISO Control which aims to reduces motion blur by adjusting the ISO sensitivity if your subject moves.

As we've come to expect from the latest and greatest compacts, the DMC-ZX1 comes primed with new and improved image stabilisation tech (POWER Optical Image Stabiliser) to make sure your chances of sharp shots are significantly increased. Plus, there are the ubiquitous Scene Modes – all 29 of 'em, including such modes as Candle Light, Sunset, Fireworks and, er, Underwater!

With online prices around £220, the DMC-ZX1 still has room for a 'Motion Picture' mode which can record HD 1280 x 720p, 30fps videos you can view full-screen on HD TVs.

However, all this hi-techery doesn't mean jack if this new, slick Panasonic compact can't take decent photos. Read on to see what we really think of the DMC-ZX1…

Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1: Features

Once you remove the gaudy sticker it comes with on its breast plate, the DMC-ZX1 is a neat and stylish little number and no mistake. It's been designed with clean lines to suit its slender, silvery, light-weight nature and it fits in your hand(s) comfortably.

But as the DMC-ZX1 is so supermodel skinny, the two buttons up top – the shutter button/zoom lever and mode dial – are really tiny. Both buttons are dwarfed by a five pence piece.

Panasonic lumix dmc-zx1

Panasonic lumix dmc-zx1-6

It's the same on the rear. As the LCD takes up most of the backside, there's only room left for a tiny array of, er, tiny buttons: including the four cursor buttons, the Record/Playback selector switch, and the Display, Q.Menu and E.Zoom buttons.

Panasonic lumix dmc-zx1-2

We soon got used to the little buttons (the zoom lever can take a few tweaks to get it right) as we have average sized man hands on TechRadar, but if you're a proper sausage fingers you may well end up pressing multiple buttons at once and getting into all sorts of bother.

Start up

The DMC-ZX1's start-up time is impressive – 1.1 seconds says Panasonic. One thing we found was the DMC-ZX1's lens stays protruded until you switch the camera off/or the Power Save kicks in. On Standby the lens stays out, which means you can't slip it back in your pocket. But, as start-up times were quick from Power Save (simply tap the Shutter Button), this wasn't an issue, and we were able to wake up the DMC-ZX1 and quickly seize photo ops.

Panasonic dmc-zx1-7

How many megapixels?

The DMC-ZX1 has a 12.1-megapixel sensor. Anything over 10 megapixels in a compact is certainly not to be sniffed at. This means with the maximum 4,000x3,000 pixel resolution images, you'll be able to get big prints of your photos without fear of loss of image quality.

Attempts to keep image noise to a minimum are enhanced by the new, cunningly named 'Venus Engine V' processor which aims to reduce luminance and chromatic noise. Basically, this means, all being well, your images won't come out too grainy (more on this later).


The DMC-ZX1 features an ultra-wide Leica DC Vario-Elmar lens. This little beauty offers a mighty 8x optical zoom (the 4x digital zoom is on top of that) which is a 25-200mm equivalent focal length range if it were on a 35mm film SLR or full-frame DSLR.

Panasonic lumix dmc-zx1-3

What this means is that at the wide end you can fit more into your shots, ideal when space is tight when taking photos indoors (at home, in the pub) or if you want to capture the vast sweeping landscape before you. While at the long end you can zoom in on subjects – wildlife, sports, people, performers on stage – and have a better chance of filling the frame for more dynamic photos.

Zoom x2:

Zoom x2

Zoom x4:

Zoom x4

Zoom x8:

Zoom x8

In the 3-megapixel mode, the Extra Optical Zoom extends the zoom power to a whopping 15.6x – although it does this digitally using the centre of the CCD sensor.

Optical image stabiliser

The DMC-ZX1 comes equipped with ever-helpful image stabiliser (IS). Panasonic call this POWER OIS (Optical Image Stabiliser). Whatever it's called, all you need to know is that this clever bit of built-in tech will help you to obtain sharp images in difficult lighting situations.

Panasonic lumix dmc-zx-1-4

Camera shake and blurred photos invariably appear if you're shooting handheld in lowlight with a shutter speed that's too slow for sharp shots.

With flash:

Lumix dmc-zx1

In night mode:

Lumix dmc-zx1

With Panasonic's POWER OIS your chances of sharper shots are greatly increased compared to using compacts without built-in IS. Or as Panasonic say on its website, "POWER OIS is about twice as effective as MEGA OIS at reducing low-frequency vibration-caused blur when shooting with a slow shutter speed."

Funny, we thought MEGA OIS would've kicked POWER OIS's arse. Shows how much we know about the outcome if there was ever an Image Stabiliser fight to the death.

Soft mode:

Lumix dmc-zx1 soft mode

Sharp mode:

Lumix dmc-zx1 soft mode

To keep the DMC-ZX1 completely still for guaranteed sharp results, you can screw it onto a tripod – although on larger stands it looks pretty daft with such a miniscule camera!

Face recognition

One area the DMC-ZX1 has upped its game is in the Face Recognition stakes. Not only will the DMC-ZX1 recognise faces in your shots so you can get sharp shots of people easier, it will now also 'remember' faces if you've photographed the same person a bunch of times, and then tries to make sure that person's face is bright and in focus.

Up to six people's faces can be registered. The detection worked mostly okay from our experience, but it wasn't noticeably different all the time.

We hoped that also meant when taking family photos with the annoying aunt and uncle in, we could somehow not detect their faces - and possibly replace them with someone else's faces instead, like Brad and Angelina's… sadly the DMC-ZX1 can't stretch to that sort of in-camera jiggery pokery yet.

However, there is a 'Transform' portrait mode for making people skinnier, wider or taller in-camera. So we could make aunt and uncle's faces really fat if we were feeling particularly malicious. Sadly, the Transform portrait results weren't particularly realistic, but still, it's a fun Scene mode that's available to use to annoy/amuse your friends and family.

Transform mode:

Lumix dmc-zx1 transform mode

Burst mode

Burst mode is restricted to a reasonable 2.3fps and five images in its full resolution 12.1-megapixel mode. But this is increased to a very respectable 10fps when using the lower image quality 3-megapixel mode. The 10fps speeds match pro-level DSLRs (like the Canon EOS-1D Mark III) for burst mode continuous shooting performance, although don't expect the same image quality to be pumped out the other end.

Just in case you didn't realise, all this fps speed is helpful when shooting moving subjects, such as fast flapping birds or skittish wildlife when you need more than one bite of the cherry to get the shot. It's best used in conjunction with the AF Tracking mode, which focuses on moving targets. Fast burst speeds can also be helpful when photographing action sports or children who refuse to sit still when you want to take pictures of them.

Shooting modes

There are five iA (intelligent Auto) shooting modes on offer to help your photography; Portrait, Scenery, Night Portrait, Night Scenery, Macro. Mostly worked admirably, and the DMC-ZX1 generally picked the best one depending on our subjects.

In 'Normal' auto shooting mode we found selecting Macro a bit fiddly and the results were hit and miss – subjects could end up overexposed as the DMC-ZX1 insisted on using flash.

As we mentioned earlier, in the Scene shooting mode there are a chuffing 29 Scenes on offer. You certainly won't be stuck for choice, but you may well, as happened to us, get stuck wondering which Scene mode to choose, and then end up missing the photo opportunity.

As we've got room, those Scene modes are: Portrait, Soft Skin, Transform, Self-Portrait, Scenery, Panorama Assist, Sports, Night Portrait, Night Scenery, Food, Party, Candle Light, Baby1, Baby2, Pet, Sunset, High sensitivity, Hi-Speed Burst, Flash Burst, Starry Sky, Fireworks, Beach, Snow, Aerial photo, Pinhole, Film Grain, High Dynamic (Standard, Art, B&W), Photo Frame and Underwater.

It's worth getting familiar with a few favourites so you know which one to choose depending on what you're photographing. We found most worked pretty well, although not necessarily for their intended use! 'Pet' was actually good for close-up shots, Night Scenery was also good for indoor shots when you didn't want to use flash. We didn't get to try out Snow as it's summer here –we could've done with a Rain shooting mode instead.

LCD screen

Composing your shots and reviewing the results afterwards are both made easy thanks to the sizeable 2.7-inch LCD. It 'only' has a 230,000 pixel resolution – many modern camera's LCD's now have a 460,000 or 920,000 pixel resolution – but it is clear, bright and sharp.

Panasonic dmc-zx1-5

The DMC-ZX1 also has HD Video capabilities in its Motion Picture mode. Using our 4GB SecureDigital card we were able to record over eight minutes of HD 1280x720p quality video or 15 minutes of VGA (640x480) video.

It's a fun feature and if you want to record a snippet of a family birthday party or other short events, it's nice to have the option, although we can't honestly say we used the Motion Picture mode much on the DMC-ZX1. If we're going to record videos we'd rather do it properly with a decent HD camcorder.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1: Image quality

Overall we enjoyed playing with the pocket-sized Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1. It's a fun, easy to use and responsive compact camera. Its optical zoom was impressive, as was its wide-angle capabilities, and it's packed with helpful 'intelligent' tech to make it easier to take half-decent photos.

Image quality

So, down to the all important image quality. We're pleased to report that image results were, overall, very good. Colours were accurately recorded, the vast majority of the time we were able to capture sharp shots (regardless of how far we'd zoom in – something that can cause other compacts to lose image quality) and the DMC-ZX1 performed okay when shooting in mixed lighting conditions when bright sunshine was mixed with dark shadowy areas in scenes.

Even when we relied on the camera's iA modes it returned accurate images, although we did find it was sometimes over keen to use the flash which caused a few overexposures.

However, when the ISO was automatically upped to around ISO 500 or 800 (such as when using the Night Scene mode which doesn't use flash) the noise levels crept up dramatically. In fact, we found that with anything over the base ISO 80 level the noise was noticeable – even at around ISO 250 or 320 pictures are unpleasantly grainy when you look closely (we were zooming in to images in Photoshop at 100 per cent view) which means poor print quality.

That might sound a bit harsh considering the DMC-ZX1 is a compact priced at barely over £200, but images taken at ISO 400 or below shouldn't really be revealing so much noise in our book.

Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1: Verdict

Panasonic lumix dmx-zx1

We liked

The Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZX1 is a small but slick bit of camera kit. It's quick and easy to use and it takes top shots with very little input from us. If you're feeling lazy, and like to leave your compact on auto or use Scene modes, that's ideal. If you like to take control of your photography a bit more and set apertures and shutter speeds… well, perhaps you need think about a DSLR!

We disliked

You only get Basic Operating Instructions in the box, you have to get the more in-depth manual from the supplied CD.

When taking photos using the flash, we had to be careful composing our shots square on to our subjects, otherwise we got nasty shadows appearing across the sides of our images.

And as the flash is to the top right side of the lens, this means when taking very tight shots (macro close-ups for instance) and flash, if you angle the camera to the right, you could shadow appearing from the lens itself. A small point, but an important one nonetheless.

We also didn't like the high noise levels above ISO 200.


Small enough to slip into a shirt top pocket and light enough to go unnoticed in a handbag, the DMC-ZX1 is an ideal camera to take with you to get some happy snaps. It's impressive that Panasonic's managed to fit in so much when you consider the DMC-ZX1 is so small – 97.8x54.6x26.0mm to be precise.

It's also worth noting the DMC-ZX1 is also available in blue, red or black as well as traditional silver – a colour choice for everyone then.

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